Cystitis: symptoms, causes, prevention, treatment

Cystitis is a frequent inflammation of the lower urinary tract in women. Find out the causes, how to prevent it, how to cure it.

Cystitis: symptoms, causes, prevention


Cystitis is a urinary infection, the arch enemy of women. Caused by several microorganisms, it causes burning and pain when urinating, a frequent urge to urinate, and in some cases, blood in the urine. Let’s find out better.

Symptoms of cystitis

The first effective weapon is to recognize the symptoms of cystitis: burning, continuous stimulation to push, dull pain in the lower abdomen, sometimes accompanied by blood in the urine. Sexual intercourse, constipation and menopause are factors that tend to facilitate the establishment of pathogenic microorganisms.

: Causes

The most common cause of cystitis is bacterial origin. There is also cystitis caused by radiation therapy or interstitial cystitis.Basic bacterial cystitis, which we are going to examine, occurs when the bladder inflames, in an acute or chronic way, due to intestinal germs that colonize the vagina.

Microorganisms such as Escherichia coli, Proteus, or Enterococcus, reach the bladder by going up from the urethra, the conduit from which the urine flows, which in women is 3-5 cm long, compared to 13-16 cm in men.

In addition to the remedies that we list below, remember that for prevention it is good to keep two precautions in mind: do not abuse intimate cleaners, which can alter the pH and lower the body’s defenses; do not wear jeans or trousers that are too tight, in order to avoid the nesting of bacteria.

: Diagnosis

The observation of symptoms is accompanied by a diagnosis based on the results of the urine and urine culture with count of the developed bacterial colonies and the antibiogram (search for sensitivity to the various antibiotics of the bacteria found). In cases of relapsing cystitis, a culture test performed on a vaginal swab can be used.


Nutrition in case of cystitis

The main nutritional indication in cystitis is to avoid refined sugars: when cystitis is bacterial in nature, the proliferation of bacteria is favored by sugar.

Among the causes of cystitis there is a alteration of intestinal permeability with the passage of bacteria in other districts such as the urogenital one.

To maintain a good intestinal balance and adequate bacterial flora, it is necessary to reduce industrialized foods such as sugary drinks and packaged fruit juices, alcohol, coffee, cheeses and sausages.

During the acute attack, foods such as chilli, pepper and spicy foods that could worsen the symptoms related to burning should be avoided.

Preferably, a diet rich in fiber and whole grains, fresh seasonal fruits and vegetables, preferably diuretic: fennel, green leafy vegetables, cucumbers, Belgian endive, pineapple, tangerines, strawberries, melon, watermelon.

A particularly useful food in this case is blueberry, whose juice shows diuretic and purifying activities of the urinary tract and prevents the adhesion of bacteria to the walls of the bladder.

Phytotherapy remedies

The phytotherapy remedies for the treatment of cystitis are plants that on the one hand have an antiseptic and anti-inflammatory action on the urinary tract; while on the other they facilitate the removal of bacteria that stagnate in the urinary tract, through the stimulation of diuresis.

  • Cranberry: its berries have an antibiotic effect on recurrent cystitis and other urinary infections most often caused by Escherichia coli. Bacteriostatic activity is due to the fact that the plant hinders the adhesion of bacteria to the bladder and their proliferation in the body, changing the chemical composition of the urine.
  • Grapefruit: (Citrus maxima or grandis) the very broad spectrum antibiotic efficacy of the seed extract has now been recognized by numerous scientific researches. In phytotherapy it is considered one of the elective remedies in the treatment of disorders of the urogenital tract, supporting the immune system and bacterial flora, in the fight against infectious attacks;
  • Bearberry: can be considered a very active antiseptic to be used whenever there is an inflammation or infection in the urinary tract, as it is rich in arbutin and capable of determining an antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and soothing the continuous urge to urinate or pain.Bearberry can be prescribed in cases of acute cystitis, chronic cystitis, urethritis, colobacillosis;
  • Corn: (Zea mays) stigmas exert a diuretic, anti-inflammatory and analgesic action, useful in the treatment of painful symptoms in urinary tract diseases;

Also the bud derivative of Blueberry (Vaccinium myrtillus) and Cranberry (Vaccinium vitis idaea) are used in the treatment of acute and relapsing cystitis against acute and chronic cystopyelitis, colibacillosis urethritis prostatitis in association with that of heather (Calluna vulgaris).

Bach flowers for cystitis

Physical pathologies such as cystitis are not treated directly with Bach flowers, as these remedies act mainly on the emotional state, which leads to the appearance of a certain disorder . Cystitis is a bacterial infection, which causes inflammation of the urinary tract epithelium. On an emotional level it can be associated, especially when it is recidivist, to a couple discomfort that manifests itself in the moments in which you are under pressure, before or after a particularly problematic sexual relationship. Frustration, disappointment and anger can manifest themselves with cystitis, therefore, personalized mixtures will have to take these analogies into account in order to modify these negative emotions and thus favor the healing process.

Traditional Chinese medicine

The stimulation of the points in case of cystitis is functional to decrease the burning and counteract the infection that triggers the symptoms. The relevant organ is the bladder and it is about strengthening the Immune System through the pressure or the insertion of needles in:

  • TAI YUAN (on the transverse fold of the wrist, in the depression outside the radial artery), which tones the energy of the Spleen and Lung and regulates the balance of liquids;
  • TAI CHONG (on the back of the foot, in the depression distal to the joint between the first and second metatarsals), which tones the liver and biliary vesicle;
  • WEI CHONG (in the center of the popliteal fossa), which purifies the Heat and strengthens the lumbar area).

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Aromatherapy for cystitis

Aromatherapy uses essential oils with antibacterial and bacteriostatic action in the treatment of urinary tract infections.These essences are taken by mouth 2 drops in a teaspoon of honey 1-3 times a day. Among the most suitable we find:

  • Eucalyptus essential oil: it also performs an effective antibacterial activity very suitable for the affections of the urogenital tract in case of cystitis, leucorrhoea and candidiasis, for which it is also recommended for the deodorant effect;
  • Thyme essential oil: it is one of the most powerful remedies against bacterial infections affecting the urinary tract, respiratory system and intestine, caused by proteus mirabilis bacteria, enterococci, staphylococci, streptococci, pneumococci, alcaiescens dispar, neisseria, corinebacteria, in the presence of candidiasis, enterocolitis cystitis, leukorrhea;
  • Basil essential oil: it is a rebalancing of the intestinal flora, for this reason it is used to restore the optimal microbiological and physiological conditions of the bacterial flora; and to protect it from acid fermentations or from infectious attacks of fungi, yeasts and enterobacteria Gram.


Movement allows the body to maintain its own balance, and therefore to keep the level of immune defenses high. Exercising is important because it regulates the body and helps the immune system work. It is essential to devote yourself to good personal hygiene.

Yes to all the exercises that promote relaxation of the pelvic muscles, which belong both to yoga (excellent as it also combines breathing and meditation) and to soft gymnastics. Yes to walking. It is useful to get used to breathing even with the lower part of the abdomen, so that all the organs receive greater amounts of oxygen, it facilitates intestinal regularity and favors the dissolution of the contractures at the pelvic level.

Some professionals in the field of medicine, obstetrics, urology, physiotherapy are specialized in rehabilitation of the pelvic floor and will know how to practice a massage inside the patient with their own hands involving the bladder, urethra, uterus and vagina, thus identifying the points of contracture painful to the touch (trigger points) and aiming at their dissolution.The number of sessions varies according to the level of intensity of the contracture.

Look for professional experts in this sense; they can teach you to perform the internal massage even autonomously, using a special lubricant to avoid small traumas and / or abrasions.

Specific are the Kegel reverse exercises that involve the pubo-coccygeal muscle (it can be identified with the movement that consists in trying to stop the flow of urine during urination). Once identified, it contracts and relaxes according to a specific sequence that can be performed while lying down, sitting or, after a little practice, even standing.

Physical activity must not be excessive or intense, but must be used to rebalance the harmony of the physical.

An exercise to promote intestinal peristalsis, and therefore defend yourself from attack by bacteria, is to hold a chair and bend your knees until the pelvis is close to the heels without tilting the back.

Another useful exercise that, by reactivating the blood circulation in the kidney area, facilitates its work: lying with the belly on the ground and the arms folded and crossed under the chin, raise the legs alternately, keeping the position from 5 to 10 seconds, trying at the same time not to move the pelvis away from the floor.

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